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short biographies and background notes on heroes and killers of the 20th century

Heroes of the 20th Century

A list of heroes of the 20th Century.

reflections on heroes

Killers of the 20th Century

A list of killers of the 20th Century.

reflections on killers

latest additions and updates

  • Ratko Mladic Ratko Mladic - Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Short biography and background note on Ratko Mladic. Updated 14 September 2014 to note that, following the presentation of the prosecution's evidence, The Hague Tribunal finds Mladic has a case to answer and orders his trial to continue.

  • The Three Pashas The Three Pashas - Turkey

    Short biographies and background note on The Three Pashas. Updated 12 September 2014 to include a 'More information' link to an article titled The 1915 Armenian genocide: Finding a fit testament to a timeless crime published in 'The Independent'.

  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu Archbishop Desmond Tutu - South Africa

    A short biography and background note on Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Updated 10 September 2014 to provide information on various comments made by Tutu during the year, including comments on proposed anti-gay laws in Uganda, a call to boycott the fossil fuel industry, and a call for a "mind shift" on the issue of assisted death.

  • Fran├žois Duvalier The Duvaliers - Haiti

    Short biographies and background notes on François Duvalier and Jean-Claude Duvalier. Updated 10 September 2014 to note a ruling by a Haitian appeals court that Jean-Claude Duvalier can be charged with crimes against humanity.