Middle East

The countries located in the Middle East are:

  • Bahrain
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Occupied Palestinian Territory
  • Oman
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Yemen

Killers from the Middle East include:

Hafez al-Assad
Country: Syria
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 25,000 killed in Hama during a siege of the city in February 1982. (Estimates of the number killed vary from 5,000 to 25,000. It is likely that the real figure is somewhere near the lower end of the estimates.) More than 250,000 killed since the outbreak of Syria's civil war in March 2011
Elie Hobeika
Country: Lebanon
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: Up to 3,000 Palestinians killed at the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in 1982. An unknown number of others killed during the Lebanese Civil War
Saddam Hussein
Country: Iraq
Kill tally details: Approaching two million, including between 150,000 and 340,000 Iraqi and between 450,000 and 730,000 Iranian combatants killed during the Iran-Iraq War. An estimated 1,000 Kuwaiti nationals killed following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. No conclusive figures for the number of Iraqis killed during the Gulf War, with estimates varying from as few as 1,500 to as many as 200,000. Over 100,000 Kurds killed or "disappeared". No reliable figures for the number of Iraqi dissidents and Shia Muslims killed during Saddam's reign, though estimates put the figure between 60,000 and 150,000. (Mass graves discovered following the US occupation of Iraq in 2003 suggest that the total combined figure for Kurds, Shias and dissidents killed could be as high as 300,000). Approximately 500,000 Iraqi children dead because of international trade sanctions introduced following the Gulf War