Killers A-Z

A

Idi Amin
Country: Uganda
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Most sources say 300,000.
Ion Antonescu
Country: Romania
Kill tally details: About 200,000 Romanian Jews, about 180,000 Jews from Transnistria, about 11,000 Roma, and at least 110,000 Romanian soldiers
Prince Yasuhiko Asaka
Country: Japan, China
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: 200,000-350,000 Chinese killed during the Rape of Nanking
The Assads
Country: Syria
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 25,000 killed in Hama during a siege of the city in February 1982. (Estimates of the number killed vary from 5,000 to 25,000. It is likely that the real figure is somewhere near the lower end of the estimates.) More than 300,000 killed since the outbreak of Syria's civil war in March 2011

B

Théoneste Bagosora
Country: Rwanda
Kill tally details: Over 500,000 Tutsis and thousands of moderate Hutus killed during the Rwandan genocide of 1994. (The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda estimates "some 800,000 Rwandans were killed." Other sources estimate that between 800,000 and one million were killed)
Bhopal industrial incident
Country: India
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: About 22,000 killed as a result of the world's worst ever industrial incident at Bhopal, India, in December 1984. At least 100,000 more incapacitated by chronic illnesses caused by the incident

C

Nicolae Ceausescu
Country: Romania
Kill tally: 5,000 to 10,000
Kill tally details: An estimated 5,000 killed during the 1989 revolution that ousted Ceausescu. Possibly thousands of deaths per year during the 1980s from deprivations caused by an unnecessary austerity program. Tens of thousands more lives ruined during Ceausescu's reign

D

The Duvaliers
Country: Haiti
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: 20,000 to 60,000

F

Francisco Franco
Country: Spain
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Tens to hundreds of thousands. One source says 500,000 killed in the Spanish Civil War, another claims two million executed alone. More sober estimates for executions put the figure at 35,000 killed either summarily or after a hasty court martial. According to military historian Antony Beevor, the figure for non-combatants and surrendered troops killed by Franco's Nationalists during the war "must exceed 100,000 and may be closer to 200,000"

G

Joseph Goebbels
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War.
Hermann Göring
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War

H

Heinrich Himmler
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of six million in German concentration camps. Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War
Adolf Hitler
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War
Elie Hobeika
Country: Lebanon
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: Up to 3,000 Palestinians killed at the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in 1982. An unknown number of others killed during the Lebanese Civil War
Enver Hoxha
Country: Albania
Kill tally: 5,000 to 10,000
Kill tally details: No comprehensive figures available, but probably about 6,000

I

Shiro Ishii
Country: Japan, China
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: At least 3,000 killed in experiments at the Unit 731 biological weapons facility. Approximately 200,000 killed in field tests of biological weapons. Between 20,000 to 30,000 Chinese killed when plague-infected rats are released from Unit 731 at the end of the Second World War

K

Radovan Karadzic
Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 200,000
Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan
Country: Pakistan
Kill tally details: 200,000 to three million during the 1971 conflict in East Pakistan (Bangladesh)
Kim Il Sung
Country: North Korea
Kill tally details: About three million killed in the Korean War. Between 450,000 and two million North Koreans needlessly starved to death due to the economic legacy of Kim's regime. (Some reports claim that as many as three million starved.) Hundreds of thousands of deaths of inmates held in custody in the North's extensive political prison camp system

L

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Country: Russia
Kill tally details: Between 50,000 and 200,000 suspected "enemies of the state" executed by the Vecheka (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution and Sabotage) following the Bolshevik Revolution. Tens of thousands more allowed to die in prison. Five million starved to death in famine caused by War Communism policies
King Léopold II
Country: Belgium, Congo Free State
Kill tally details: Five to 15 million Congolese (the indigenous inhabitants of the Congo River basin)

M

Mao Tse-Tung
Country: China
Kill tally details: As many as 45 million deaths from starvation during the Great Leap Forward. Tens of thousands killed and millions of lives ruined during the Cultural Revolution
Ferdinand Marcos
Country: Philippines
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: No reliable figures but the Philippines democracy and economy ruined and possibly thousands killed
Josef Mengele
Country: Germany
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of thousands at Auschwitz concentration camp
Slobodan Milosevic
Country: Serbia
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 230,000 killed and three million displaced
Ratko Mladic
Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 200,000
Benito Mussolini
Country: Italy
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Over 400,000 Italians killed during the Second World War. At least 30,000 Ethiopians killed during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia

N

Ne Win
Country: Burma (now Myanmar)
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: No reliable figures, but 3,000-10,000 killed in the Rangoon Spring uprising of 1988. Tens to possibly hundreds of thousands killed since the 1962 military coup d'état

P

Ante Pavelic
Country: Croatia
Kill tally details: 300,000 to one million, including up to 30,000 Jews, up to 29,000 Gipsies, and between 300,000 and 600,000 Serbs
Augusto Pinochet
Country: Chile
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: At least 3,197 killed following the 1973 military coup d'état
Pol Pot
Country: Cambodia
Kill tally details: One to three million (or between a quarter and a third of Cambodia's population)

R

Efraín Ríos Montt
Country: Guatemala
Kill tally: 50,000 to 100,000
Kill tally details: At least 20,000 and possibly as many as 70,000 Mayan peasants and political dissidents

S

Saddam Hussein
Country: Iraq
Kill tally details: Over 1.5 million, including up to 340,000 Iraqi and 730,000 Iranian combatants killed during the Iran-Iraq War. An estimated 1,000 Kuwaiti nationals killed following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Up to 200,000 Iraqis killed during the First Gulf War. As many as 200,000 or more Iraqis killed as a consequence of the Second Gulf War. As many as 300,000 Iraqi dissidents, Shia Muslims and Kurds killed during Saddam's reign
Anastasio Somoza
Country: Nicaragua
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: No reliable figures, although an estimated 50,000 killed during the Nicaraguan "revolution", 120,000 exiled and 600,000 made homeless
Joseph Stalin
Country: Soviet Union
Kill tally details: Approximately 20 million, including up to 14.5 million needlessly starved to death. At least one million executed for political "offences". At least 9.5 million more deported, exiled or imprisoned in work camps, with many of the estimated five million sent to the Gulag Archipelago never returning alive. Other estimates place the number of deported at 28 million, including 18 million sent to the Gulag
Suharto
Country: Indonesia
Kill tally details: Up to two million killed following an alleged coup attempt in 1965 (most reports estimate the number at around 500,000). Over 250,000 deaths following the invasion of Timor-Leste (East Timor) in 1975. Thousands more killed in various Indonesian provinces

T

The Three Pashas
Country: Turkey
Kill tally details: In the period 1914-1918, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians killed, up to 300,000 Greeks killed or deported, about 100,000 Assyrians killed
Tojo Hideki
Country: Japan
Kill tally details: At least 20 million Chinese in the Second Sino-Japanese War. About 15 million people killed in the Asia and Pacific regions during the Second World War, including over 11 million Chinese and nearly two million Japanese
Rafael Trujillo
Country: Dominican Republic
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: Around 20,000 Haitians killed in 1937. (Estimates of the number of Haitians killed vary from several hundred to 30,000.) An unknown number of Dominican dissidents and opposition figures killed during his 30 year reign

U

United States Presidents
Country: United States
Kill tally details: Over 220,000 killed by atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. Over three million killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Another 700,000 killed in Cambodia and Laos as a result of the spread of the Vietnam War into those countries. Millions more killed in conflicts in Indonesia, Cambodia, Iran, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Iraq in which the United States was at least complicit

V

Jorge Rafael Videla
Country: Argentina
Kill tally: 10,000 to 50,000
Kill tally details: Up to 30,000 murdered or "disappeared" during the Dirty War