Europe

The Europe region is composed of:

Killers from the Europe region include:

Ion Antonescu
Country: Romania
Kill tally details: About 200,000 Romanian Jews, about 180,000 Jews from Transnistria, about 11,000 Roma, and at least 110,000 Romanian soldiers
Nicolae Ceausescu
Country: Romania
Kill tally: 5,000 to 10,000
Kill tally details: An estimated 5,000 killed during the 1989 revolution that ousted Ceausescu. Possibly thousands of deaths per year during the 1980s from deprivations caused by an unnecessary austerity program. Tens of thousands more lives ruined during Ceausescu's reign
Francisco Franco
Country: Spain
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Tens to hundreds of thousands. One source says 500,000 killed in the Spanish Civil War, another claims two million executed alone. More sober estimates for executions put the figure at 35,000 killed either summarily or after a hasty court martial. According to military historian Antony Beevor, the figure for non-combatants and surrendered troops killed by Franco's Nationalists during the war "must exceed 100,000 and may be closer to 200,000"
Joseph Goebbels
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War.
Hermann Göring
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War
Heinrich Himmler
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of six million in German concentration camps. Collectively responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War
Adolf Hitler
Country: Germany
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of over 46 million Europeans as a result of the Second World War
Enver Hoxha
Country: Albania
Kill tally: 5,000 to 10,000
Kill tally details: No comprehensive figures available, but probably about 6,000
Radovan Karadzic
Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 200,000
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Country: Russia
Kill tally details: Between 50,000 and 200,000 suspected "enemies of the state" executed by the Vecheka (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution and Sabotage) following the Bolshevik Revolution. Tens of thousands more allowed to die in prison. Five million starved to death in famine caused by War Communism policies
King Léopold II of Belgium
Country: Belgium, Congo Free State
Kill tally details: Five to 15 million Congolese (the indigenous inhabitants of the Congo River basin)
Josef Mengele
Country: Germany
Kill tally: Less than 5,000
Kill tally details: Directly responsible for the deaths of thousands at Auschwitz concentration camp
Slobodan Milosevic
Country: Serbia
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 230,000 killed and three million displaced
Ratko Mladic
Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Up to 200,000
Benito Mussolini
Country: Italy
Kill tally: 100,000 to 500,000
Kill tally details: Over 400,000 Italians killed during the Second World War. At least 30,000 Ethiopians killed during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia
Ante Pavelic
Country: Croatia
Kill tally details: 300,000 to one million, including up to 30,000 Jews, up to 29,000 Gipsies, and between 300,000 and 600,000 Serbs
Joseph Stalin
Country: Soviet Union
Kill tally details: Approximately 20 million, including up to 14.5 million needlessly starved to death. At least one million executed for political "offences". At least 9.5 million more deported, exiled or imprisoned in work camps, with many of the estimated five million sent to the Gulag Archipelago never returning alive. Other estimates place the number of deported at 28 million, including 18 million sent to the Gulag